12 Jan, 24

What are the 11 US Spot Bitcoin ETFs?

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The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approved 11 spot Bitcoin exchange-traded funds (ETFs) on January 10, 2024, marking a significant milestone in the world of cryptocurrency and investment. This approval signals a major shift in the investment landscape, offering both institutional and retail investors new avenues for Bitcoin exposure. This article explores these newly approved Bitcoin ETFs, their implications, and what they mean for investors.

Understanding Spot Bitcoin ETFs

Spot Bitcoin ETFs are exchange-traded funds that invest directly in Bitcoin, unlike other products that track Bitcoin futures or derivative contracts. These ETFs provide direct exposure to Bitcoin’s price movements, offering an accessible way for investors to tap into the crypto market through standard brokerage accounts. By owning entire Bitcoins in a digital vault, these ETFs mirror the movements of Bitcoin in the market, offering a convenient alternative to digital wallets for tracking cryptocurrency investments.

The 11 Approved ETFs

The 11 spot Bitcoin ETFs approved by the SEC include a diverse range of offerings from well-known investment firms. These ETFs are:

  1. ARK 21Shares Bitcoin ETF (NYSE:ARKB)
  2. Bitwise Bitcoin ETF (NYSE:BITB)
  3. Blackrock’s iShares Bitcoin Trust (NASDAQ:IBIT)
  4. Franklin Bitcoin ETF (NYSE:EZBC)
  5. Fidelity Wise Origin Bitcoin Trust (NYSE:FBTC)
  6. Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (NYSE:GBTC)
  7. Hashdex Bitcoin ETF (NYSEARCA:DEFI)
  8. Invesco Galaxy Bitcoin ETF (NYSE:BTCO)
  9. VanEck Bitcoin Trust (NYSE:HODL)
  10. Valkyrie Bitcoin Fund (NASDAQ:BRRR)
  11. WisdomTree Bitcoin Fund (NYSE:BTCW)

These ETFs are set to provide more secure and simplified Bitcoin investment options for a broader investor base​​​​.

Impact on the Crypto Industry

The approval of these spot Bitcoin ETFs is expected to reshape the dynamics of cryptocurrency investments significantly. It simplifies and secures Bitcoin investments, potentially drawing a wider range of investors, including those who prefer traditional investment vehicles over direct cryptocurrency purchases. Analysts believe these ETFs could drive significant capital into Bitcoin, as seen by Bitcoin’s price surge following the announcement​​​​.

SEC’s Stance and Future Outlook

While the SEC’s approval of these ETFs is a positive step for cryptocurrency adoption, the Commission’s chair, Gary Gensler, has issued a cautionary note. He emphasized that the SEC’s approval does not constitute an endorsement of Bitcoin, which he describes as speculative and volatile. Despite these warnings, the approval is a significant step towards mainstream acceptance of cryptocurrencies and may pave the way for future crypto-related investment products, such as Ethereum ETFs​​​​.


The SEC’s approval of 11 spot Bitcoin ETFs marks a historic moment for the crypto community, offering new investment opportunities and potentially altering the landscape of cryptocurrency investments. This decision reflects growing acceptance and integration of digital assets within traditional financial systems, heralding a new era for both the crypto and investment sectors.


  1. What are Spot Bitcoin ETFs? Spot Bitcoin ETFs are exchange-traded funds that invest directly in Bitcoin, providing direct exposure to its price movements within standard brokerage accounts.
  2. Why are Spot Bitcoin ETFs significant? They offer a more accessible and secure way for a broader range of investors to invest in Bitcoin, compared to direct cryptocurrency purchases or futures-based products.
  3. Which companies have launched Spot Bitcoin ETFs? Companies like ARK, Bitwise, Blackrock, Fidelity, Franklin Templeton, Grayscale, Hashdex, Invesco Galaxy, VanEck, Valkyrie, and WisdomTree have launched Spot Bitcoin ETFs.
  4. What impact could these ETFs have on Bitcoin? The ETFs could drive significant capital into Bitcoin, offering more mainstream and regulated investment vehicles for Bitcoin exposure.
  5. Did the SEC endorse Bitcoin by approving these ETFs? No, SEC Chair Gary Gensler clarified that the SEC’s approval of these ETFs does not constitute an endorsement of Bitcoin, which remains a speculative and volatile asset.

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