29 Feb, 24

What are Structured Products?

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Structured products are intricate financial instruments offering personalized risk-return profiles to meet the diverse needs of investors. By fusing traditional securities like stocks and bonds with derivatives (e.g., options, swaps), these products have surged in popularity, as they cater to investors’ quest for innovative ways to reach their financial objectives​​.

Principles of Structured Products

Structured products are engineered to offer investors targeted investments based on their specific risk appetites, return requirements, and market forecasts. They can provide various benefits, including principal protection, tax-efficient access to taxable investments, enhanced returns, reduced volatility, and the potential for positive returns in low-yield or flat market conditions. However, they are also subject to risks like credit risk, lack of liquidity, complexity, and the potential for loss of principal due to market movements​​.

Components and Types

The essence of structured products lies in their underlying assets and derivative instruments, which shape their risk characteristics and payoff structures. Common types include equity-linked notes, reverse convertible bonds, structured investment products, credit-linked notes, and collateralized debt obligations, each offering different levels of risk and potential returns​​.

Market Impact and Evolution

Structured products have evolved significantly, gaining traction for their role in offering predictability and custom-tailored risk exposure, especially in volatile markets. They provide a mechanism for issuers to raise funding at submarket rates by issuing debt with attached options, thus appealing to a broad spectrum of investors, from retail to institutional​​.

Advantages and Disadvantages

The allure of structured products lies in their customization, flexibility, potential for enhanced returns, and access to a wide array of underlying assets. Yet, their complexity, the risks associated with understanding them, liquidity limitations, market and counterparty risks, and the potential costs due to premiums, underscore the importance of thorough assessment before investment​​​​.

Understanding Structured Products

To navigate the structured products landscape, it’s crucial to grasp key terms such as the barrier, strike price, maturity, rainbow note, and coupon. These terms help investors understand the risks and returns associated with different structured products and make informed decisions based on their investment goals and risk tolerance​​.


Structured products represent a unique blend of customization, risk management, and potential for enhanced returns, serving as a valuable tool for investors seeking to diversify their portfolios and achieve specific financial objectives. However, their complexity and associated risks necessitate a comprehensive understanding and careful consideration by potential investors.


  1. What are structured products?
    • Structured products are financial instruments designed to offer customized risk-return profiles by combining traditional securities with derivatives.
  2. What are the benefits of structured products?
    • Benefits include customization, potential for enhanced returns, diversification, and access to a wide range of underlying assets.
  3. What are the risks associated with structured products?
    • Risks include complexity, liquidity limitations, market risk, counterparty risk, and the potential for losses due to market volatility.
  4. Can structured products offer principal protection?
    • Yes, some structured products offer principal protection, but this can vary based on the product’s structure and the level of risk involved.
  5. How can investors choose the right structured product?
    • Investors should identify their investment goals and risk tolerance, conduct thorough research on different products, and consult with financial professionals to find a structured product that matches their needs​​.

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Zerocap provides digital asset liquidity and digital asset custodial services to forward-thinking investors and institutions globally. For frictionless access to digital assets with industry-leading security, contact our team at [email protected] or visit our website www.zerocap.com


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