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The year 2020 set several new records for financial markets as we witnessed the steepest (although not deepest) equities crash ever recorded alongside peak volatility. The months following the market crash in March, 2020 saw an incredible bounce back with the S&P taking as little as five months to reach new highs. In this time, a record number of new entrants to equity

Bitcoin, both the network and the cryptocurrency, have been in circulation for the past twelve years and have grown to unprecedented levels over the past decade. What most enthusiasts don’t know is how the trillion-dollar asset was first introduced to the world; through a pdf document. Published on October 31st of 2008, “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” was created as a solution against

Cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin have evolved dramatically over the past decade, both in technology and overall adoption. New opportunities to trade, store and utilise assets have taken the market to unforeseen levels of utility and popularity. Yet, regardless of how far the market develops, one feature of the biggest cryptocurrencies will remain the most relevant one; being decentralised peer-to-peer assets. In this article, we

Brief intro to Bitcoin Bitcoin is widely regarded as the world’s leading cryptocurrency, a type of digital asset that utilises blockchain technology to create a decentralised, transparent and secure monetary network. Released in 2008 as a targeted response to the Global Financial Crisis, Bitcoin’s early-day proponents hoped to develop an asset that could provide a secure and reliable currency, removed from a ‘broken’ centralised

Over the past few months, the cryptocurrency market has witnessed the rise of NFTs - or non-fungible tokens - across the financial ecosystem. Artists, celebrities, companies, amongst others are issuing thousands of these tokens across blockchain networks, some being sold for up to 69 million dollars. Auctions with such high-level bids and applicability concerns have left many wondering if NFTs are simply an empty

The days of physical currencies seem to be numbered, particularly in light of covid, as economies are going cashless. While digital finance grows in worldwide adoption, central banks have been pushing the envelope towards frameworks that eliminate the use of cash and replace it with fully-digital banking and centralised digital currencies.   Will there be a point when we migrate to a fully-cashless economy? If

A highly anticipated scaling solution for Ethereum network, called Optimism, is slated to launch this month. By helping Ethereum run computations off-chain and only publishing transaction data on-chain, testing has shown that Optimism can reduce Ethereum’s current fees by 100x or more. We have seen how alternate high throughput versions of Ethereum like Binance Smart Chain have grown (see charts below), which makes

The Macroeconomic Mirage The US and global economies are currently in a unique position. As global debt reaches US$281 trillion with no sign of slowing down, the macroeconomic horizon is becoming more uncertain. In 2020, the federal reserve injected over US$3 trillion and a further US$1.9 trillion is expected in early 2021 under the Biden administration. Consequently, asset devaluation is inevitable. The act has led to

In our Ethereum Primer, we outlined the platform’s underlying technology and functionalities, such as the ability to facilitate the global exchange of assets without an intermediary. But the question is: how do we quantify the value that Ethereum provides and how does this translate to ethereum’s value as an investable asset? There are few traditional financial models, such as discounted cash flow, that will

On February 10th, MasterCard announced that it would allow its cardholders to execute transactions on their platforms through digital currencies, which will be available sometime in 2021. Visa is going through a similar path, revealing a roadmap on February 3rd to integrate the assets into their payment system. Such announcements from two of the main global payment providers present a substantial development in